2 edition of Contributions to the study of planetary atmospheric circulations. found in the catalog.
Contributions to the study of planetary atmospheric circulations.
White, Robert M.
by Geophysics Research Directorate, Air Force Cambridge Research Center in Cambridge, Mass
Written in English
AFCRC technical report 53-35.
|Series||Geophysical research papers ;, no. 24|
|LC Classifications||QC1 .U52 no. 53-35|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||141 p. :|
|Number of Pages||141|
|LC Control Number||54061892|
Atmospheric circulation is the large-scale movement of air by which heat is distributed on the surface of the Earth. The wind belts and the jet streams girdling the planet are steered by three. In meteorology, atmospheric mesoscales motions refer to spatial scales between a few kilometers and one or two hundred kilometers, and temporal scales of the order of minutes to a few hours. In the troposphere, mesoscale events include thunderstorms, tornadoes, and various types of local circulations like land and sea breezes and valley breezes.
In recent years, a pair of large-scale circulation patterns consisting of an anomalous ridge over northwestern North America and trough over northeastern North America was found to accompany extreme winter weather events such as the – California drought and eastern U.S. cold outbreaks. Referred to as the North American winter dipole (NAWD), previous studies have found Author: Yu-Tang Chien, S.-Y. Simon Wang, Yoshimitsu Chikamoto, Steve L. Voelker, Jonathan D. D. Meyer, Jin-H. For a discussion of atmospheric tides (including an historical account of the resonance theory) see: Lindzen, R. S. Chap. 9 in Dynamics in Atmospheric Physics. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, ISBN: Large-scale Motions on a Rotating Earth: This material is covered in several geophysical fluid dynamics texts.
atmosphere In this chapter we return to our discussion of the large-scale circulation of the atmosphere and make use of the dynamical ideas developed in the previous two chapters to enquire into its cause. We begin by reviewing the demands on the atmospheric circulation imposed by global energy and angular mo-mentum budgets as depicted in FigFile Size: 1MB. Atmospheric circulation is the large-scale movement of air and together with ocean circulation is the means by which thermal energy is redistributed on the surface of the Earth.. The Earth's atmospheric circulation varies from year to year, but the large-scale structure of its circulation remains fairly constant.
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A general index of all the matters contained in the seven volumes of the Philosophical transactions abridged
However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied.
For advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in atmospheric, oceanic, and climate science, Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics is an introductory textbook on the circulations of the atmosphere and ocean and their interaction, with an emphasis on global scales. It will give students a good grasp of what the atmosphere and oceans look like on the large-scale and why they look that Cited by: This study examined whether or not perennial snow cover required for ice sheet growth can develop in response to increases in frequency of extremely wet winters and cold summer seasons due to changes in atmospheric circulations in the region associated with the inception of the Laurentide Ice Sheet for the present-day and the by: The Hadley, Ferrel, and polar circulations all contribute to the zonal mean kinetic energy budget of the atmosphere as illustrated by Fig.
The present study indicates an upward trend of the power generated by the Hadley circulation over the past yr by: 7. Particularly substantial influences include the contribution of increasing trends in anticyclonic circulations to summer and autumn hot extremes over portions of Eurasia and North America, and the contribution of increasing trends in northerly flow to winter cold extremes over central by: He has served terms as department chair, as Director of the Joint Institute of the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean, and as Co-director of the University of Washington's Program on the Environment.
His research interests include large scale atmospheric dynamics and. The Observed Structure of Extratropical Circulations. Atmospheric circulation systems depicted on a synoptic chart rarely resemble the simple circular vortices discussed in Chapter 3.
Rather, they are generally highly asymmetric in form, with the strongest winds and largest temperature gradients concentrated along narrow bands called fronts.
Also, such systems generally are highly baroclinic; the. (1) The atmosphere is isothermal, in the radiative sense. (2) The atmosphere is transparent to solar radiation. (3) The atmosphere is grey to long wave radiation. (4) The surface of the planet Mars has no heat capacity. The total incoming solar flux for a day at a.
Holopainen. "An observational study of the energy balance of the stationary disturbances in the atmosphere." Quart J Roy Meteor Soc 96 (): Solomon, A. "An observational study of the spatial and temporal scales of transient eddy sensible heat fluxes." J Climate 10 (): Forcing of the Zonal Mean Circulations: Eliassen and.
For convenience of study, scientists subdivide the atmospheric circulation and weather patterns into categories based on their size and duration. In general, the smaller, local-scale weather events have the shortest life expectancy, while the global-scale patterns can persist for weeks or months.
The contributions of transport were sensitive to the change of meteorology conditions (Fig. 5i). During the atmospheric circulations inthe outflow of pollutant particles decreased greatly, % and 11% under low and high emissions respectively.  The unique facility of measuring vertical winds using Indian mesosphere, stratosphere, and troposphere (MST) radar along with zonal and meridional winds enables the study of atmospheric circulation over Gadanki (°N, °E) during the Indian summer monsoon season.
The mean meridional circulations during winter and monsoon seasons represent part of two different Hadley by: 5. Theories of how Earth's surface climate may change in the future, of how it may have been in the past, and of how it is related to climates of other planets must build upon a theory of the general circulation of the atmosphere.
The view of the atmospheric general circulation presented here focuses not on Earth's general circulation as such but on a continuum of idealized circulations with Cited by: PDF | Because of their intense incident stellar irradiation and likely tidally locked spin states, hot Jupiters are expected to have wind speeds that | Find, read and cite all the research you.
While he collaborated with a number of colleagues, Gareth primarily wrote single-authored papers that reflected his distinctive style and a very sharp focus on the problem that fascinated him--a problem best described by the title of a paper in which he showed how to create a Jovian-like circulation by modifying parameters in a standard terrestrial global atmospheric model: "The Range and.
An observational case study of mesoscale atmospheric circulations induced by soil moisture Article in Geophysical Research Letters (15) August with 21 Reads How we measure 'reads'.
This study identified and analyzed PSC similarity and its influence on haze during the winter half year from to We analyzed sea level pressure and geopotential heights at the ‐hPa level by using correlation coefficients and mean Hamming distance to quantify PSC by: Atmospheric Circulations (pp.
) Contents • scales of motion and turbulence • Planetary scale –Entire earth. Scales of Motion Table Scales of atmospheric motion. • Thermal circulations tend to be shallow -do not extend up through the depth of the troposphere. The atmospheric sciences are traditionally divided into three topical areas—meteorology (the study and forecasting of weather), climatology (the study of long-term atmospheric patterns and their influences), and aeronomy (the study of the physics and chemistry of the upper atmosphere).
etrate a layer of the atmosphere 10 or even 20 km thick. The cloudy outflows from such storms reflect sunlight to space and block infrared radiation from the warm surface below.
Shallower clouds cast shadows over vast expanses of the oceans. One of the aims of this book is to give appropriate emphasis to the role of moisture in theFile Size: 6MB.
Atmospheric circulation, any atmospheric flow used to refer to the general circulation of the Earth and regional movements of air around areas of high and low average, this circulation corresponds to large-scale wind systems arranged in several east–west belts that encircle the Earth.
In the subtropical high-pressure belts near latitudes 30° N and 30° S (the horse latitudes.- Buy CSIR-UGC NET/JRF Earth, Atmospheric, Ocean and Planetary Sciences Exam Guide book online at best prices in India on Read CSIR-UGC NET/JRF Earth, Atmospheric, Ocean and Planetary Sciences Exam Guide book reviews & author details and more at Free delivery on qualified orders/5().The emphasis of Planetary Atmospheres is on comparative aspects of planetary atmospheres, generally meaning comparison with the Earth, including atmospheric composition, thermal structure, cloud properties, dynamics, weather and climate, and aeronomy.
The goal is to look for common processes at work under different boundary conditions in order to reach a fundamental understanding 5/5(2).